For dynamic bindings, set aside a pool of IP addresses that can be assigned to clients.
Reservation in DHCP
Addresses in a pool must be available to clients on the same subnet. To configure an address pool, include the following statements at the [edit system services dhcp] hierarchy level:. The pool definition must include the client subnet number and prefix length in bits. The address-range statement defines the lowest and highest IP addresses in the pool that are available for dynamic address assignment.
This statement is optional. If no range is specified, the pool will use all available addresses within the subnet specified.
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Broadcast addresses, interface addresses, and excluded addresses are not available. The exclude-address statement specifies addresses within the range that are not used for dynamic address assignment.
You can exclude one or more addresses within the range. For dynamic address assignment, configure an address pool for each client subnet the DHCP server supports. You can configure multiple address pools for a DHCP server, but only one address range per pool is supported. DHCP maintains the state information for all pools configured. When more than one pool exists on the same interface, addresses are assigned on a rotating basis from all available pools. Static bindings provide configuration information for specific clients.
This information can include one or more fixed Internet addresses, the client hostname, and a client identifier. To configure static bindings, include the following statements at the [edit system services dhcp] hierarchy level:. The mac-address variable specifies the MAC address of the client.
This is a hardware address that uniquely identifies each client on the network. The fixed-address statement specifies the fixed IP address assigned to the client. Typically a client has one address assigned, but you can assign more. The host statement specifies the hostname of the client requesting the DHCP server. The name can include the local domain name. Otherwise, the name is resolved based on the domain-name statement.
The client-identifier statement is used by the DHCP server to index the database of address bindings. For each unique client-identifier client-id value, the DHCP server issues a unique lease and IP address from the pool. Previously, when the client provided an incorrect client-identifier client-id value, the DHCP server did not issue a lease.
For clients that do not request a specific lease time, the default lease time is one day. You can configure a maximum lease time for IP address assignments or change the default lease time. To configure lease times, include the maximum-lease-time and default-lease-time statements:. Lease times defined for static bindings and address pools take priority over lease times defined at the [edit system services dhcp] hierarchy level.
- Services — DHCP — Configuring the DHCP Server | pfSense Documentation.
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The maximum-lease-time statement configures the maximum length of time in seconds for which a client can request and hold a lease. If a client requests a lease longer than the maximum specified, the lease is granted only for the maximum time configured on the server. To configure a boot file and boot server, include the boot-file and boot-server statements:.
The boot-file statement configures the name and location of the initial boot file that the DHCP client loads and executes. This file stores the boot image for the client. In most cases, the boot image is the operating system the client uses to load. You must configure an IP address or a hostname for the server. You must configure at least one boot file and boot server. Optionally, you can configure multiple boot files and boot servers. For example, you might configure two separate boot servers and files: one for static binding and one for address pools.
Assigning a fixed IP address to a machine in a DHCP network - Server Fault
Boot file configurations for pools or static bindings take precedence over boot file configurations at the [edit system services dhcp] hierarchy level. To configure a DHCP server identifier, include the server-identifier statement:. The host must be a TFTP server that is accessible by all clients served within a range of IP addresses based on either an address pool or static binding. To configure the name of the domain in which clients search for a DHCP server host, include the domain-name statement:.
The domain-name statement sets the domain name that is appended to hostnames that are not fully qualified. To configure a domain search list, include the domain-search statement:. The domain-search statement sets the order in which clients append domain names when searching for the IP address of a host. You can include one or more domain names in the list. To configure routers available to the DHCP client, include the router statement:.
List routers in order of preference. You must configure at least one router for each client subnet. The following example shows routers configured at the [edit system services dhcp] hierarchy level:. You can configure one or more user-defined options that are not included in the Junos default implementation of the DHCP server.
DHCP Local Server
To configure a user-defined DHCP option, include the option statement:. The option value must be compatible with the option type for example, an On or Off value for a flag type. User-defined options that conflict with DHCP configuration statements are ignored by the server.
For example, in the following configuration, the DHCP server ignores the user-defined option 3 router statement and uses the router statement instead:. This topic shows a complete DHCP server configuration with address pools, static bindings, and user-defined options.
Static IP address
The following example shows statements at the [edit interfaces] hierarchy level. Since you manage it all from the router, though, it's a bit easier to set up. If, for some reason, you can't use DHCP reservations, you can set up a static IP on each of your computers instead, but this is our preferred method.
Every router is a bit different, but in general, here's how to set it up:. You should now have a good list of computers with reserved IP addresses, like mine shown to the left. Note that you might have to renew your DHCP licenses on your computers for them to actually start using those IP addresses. If you then check your IP address either with ipconfig on Windows or by checking the Network Preference Pane on your Mac , you should see that they have their new reserved IPs, which they'll use every time you turn them on. Note that this only changes the local IP addresses, so it only works when you're trying to access something on your network.
If you're accessing it over the internet, like a Subsonic server , you'll still need to check the global IP address of that machine. The A.